Alexander Cunningham, the then Director-General of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), had been given a seal by an English man in the late 19th century. Cunningham was more interested in the period of Early Historic (approx. 6th-century BCE - 4th century BCE) and later periods. He tried to place the seal on that timeline, which was considered the beginning of Indian history. It didn’t match. A few decades later, archaeologist Daya Ram Sahni found seals in Harappa; Rakhal Das Banerjee found some in Mohenjodaro. John Marshall, the director-general of ASI from 1902-1928, first used the term ‘Indus Valley Civilisation.’ The discovery of it made Indian history 3000 years older.

It has revealed the origin of our developments and even has deemed some of our inventions as mere rediscoveries. Studying the era benefits us to learn more and apply the knowledge to solidify our future. It is often an overlooked segment of our history though it can offer....

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