Chanakya (375-283 BCE) was an ancient Indian genius—a guide, teacher, strategist, author, philosopher, politician, etc. Also known as Kautilya or Vishnugupta, he is regarded as the author of Arthashastra, an ancient text of economics and administrative strategies. It is supposed to have been penned in the 2nd and 3rd centuries BCE.

    Kautilya assisted Chandragupta Maurya in overthrowing the Nanda Dynasty circa 322 BCE. Chandragupta rapidly expanded his power west across central and north after conquering the satraps left by the Macedonians. At the end of his reign, he had extended the kingdom to northern India.

   Amidst these political inferences, Arthashastra worked as the foundation of the Mauryan Empire, with its policies still being implemented in the current statecraft of India.


   Originally, the work was credited to Kautilya. Yet it remains a debatable....

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